The African Spice Islands
Zanzibar has two main islands, Unguja (Zanzibar Island) and Pemba. There are also many smaller ones around the main islands, most of them without permanent inhabitants.
Zanzibar is an autonomous part of Tanzania. Two countries — Tanganyika and Zanzibar — formed the Republic of Tanzania in 1964. Until 1963 Zanzibar was a British protectorate.
Zanzibari people are an ethnic mixture of many different backgrounds, including Persian, Arab, and African. While Zanzibar is over 90% Muslim, there are also different Christian sects, Hindu, and other smaller religions represented on the island.
This cultural hotpot is known for its gorgeous beaches, spice farms, and Arabic-influenced historical city, Stone Town. Its history also contains a darker era, as Zanzibar was the biggest slave trader hub in East Africa.